Praxishandbuch auf Englisch

pages 4 & 5


Page 4: LOA-Philosophy

  • Education should be a freely accessible resource

  • Learning together can help increase motivation

With our LOA German training program, our learning motivation and interactions with others all around the World increase: German learners can discuss their ideas and discover a new learning culture. Learning without tasks – in interactions.

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The free licence CC BY 4.0 allows you to freely access this booklet and more information on our website . Everything you need to know about the license is found under the following link: .


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Just imagine, the German language is flying around you, but you remain grounded because you can only understand a little German and cannot participate in conversations. Here you can find out what the balloon symbols mean and which balloons you need in order to fly off, sorry, participate in German interactions.

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Are you currently learning German and aspiring to become an expert in German?

Then solving tasks at home and visiting language courses are not enough.

With our LOA-German training program you can activate your German language skills effectively. Just like an actor getting into a role, you can train German sentences. Grammar is not learnt through solely memorising rules. Using key sentences and body movements, you can successfully train German grammar and be able to use it naturally in the future.

This exercise booklet delivers an introduction to efficient learning techniques for learning German. We have included numerous links directing you to tasks and more detailed information.

Important to know: Some things are not learnt on your own. Sometimes another person is needed in order to give you feedback on your learning process and input on whether you are speaking or writing German correctly. This exercise booklet is also directed at learning companions, giving them tips and advice on how they can help learners.

With that being said: We wish you fun and success with this booklet!

Your LOA-Team


Page 8: LOA – Now

“ I understand a lot of German already – but I sometimes ask myself why I struggle speaking German fluently.”

“My German is actually pretty good and I understand almost everything. However, I find it extremely difficult to write an original text.”

These are two examples of frequent struggles German learners face but the question is: why? When I listen to or read German texts, I can focus on the content, but I also want to understand the actual meaning. However, the words and sentences are given to me for free. I can rely on the fact that they are correct if a German-speaker speaks to or writes for me. There is more to speaking and writing German though. I need to know which words I need to use and in what order they come. That is of course harder and needs proper training.

It doesn’t matter if you are at the beginning of your German learning journey or you’re further on. You can start activating your German skills today and then practice on a daily basis. Don’t stop yourself from asking friends or acquaintances for help. How to do that is also found in this exercise booklet.

The results will be seen pretty soon: Be proud to not only be able to understand German, but also to make German understandable.

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Free. Exclusive and successful. Join us and train your German language skills. Become

confident in German conversations and more with LOA.

Learning materials

Page 10: LOA balloon: Learning Materials

It is not necessary to buy expensive materials in order to learn with LOA. There are only a few things needed. Some useful learning ideas can be found under

A mobile phone, a tablet or a laptop: Click on „Deutsch für Einsteiger“ (German for Beginners) on our website and choose what you want to learn. Correct pronunciation and spelling are found there.

I can write without pressure if I use a soft pencil (B/2B/3B/4B). My hand is calm and I can easily erase and correct mistakes.

Scissors, a pencil sharpener, a rubber and a glue stick

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My learner’s notebook : This is where I write down what I want to learn. I construct my own learning material.

My training book: This is where I casually write in. I write down sentences I particularly like and sentences I want to know off by heart. I repeatedly write them down until I am able to recall the sentence solely from my memory.

Six colouring pencils: I underline the different parts of each sentences in different colours to learn how they depend on each other (Further information on page 12).

Printouts: I can print out different things from the website, cut them out and glue them into my learner’s notebook.

LOA Colour scheme

Page 12: LOA Balloon: Colour Schemes

In order to intuitively understand the structure of German sentences, using colours is unavoidable. You can see which words belong together and do not need to know any complicated grammatical terms.

In a short amount of time, you can form sentences with the help of colours and rearrange them.

With the help of the key sentences for the four cases, I can memorise the different colours.

Das ist der Mann.

Ich sehe den Mann.

Ich winke dem Mann.

Das ist der … (Freund, Schlüssel…) des Mannes.

Page 13: The blue, green and red underlined parts can easily be replaced with other words, developing new scenes and in our mind. Gradually I will learn to use the correct articles.

Ich wünsche mir eine Katze.

Ich wünsche dir, dass du einen Hund bekommst.

Ich wünsche der Katze und dem Hund, dass sie immer gesund bleiben.

Learnerlis and Can Do’s

Page 14: Loa Balloon: Learneris and Can Do’s

With our LOA- German training program, we focus on different steps of our learning journey:


I choose what I want to learn on in the learning section “German for beginners”. In the best case, I already have someone who can assist my learning process and help decide which aspects may be important for my learning experience.


I watch the videos multiple times and focus especially on the gestures, the word melody and the meaning. I create a film in my head. I am able to see the scene in my head even if I close my eyes.

Page 15: Practise

I practise in steps. I start using gestures and speaking (and writing). In the best case, someone assists me until I can do the gestures and speaking (and writing) all on my own.


I can do it all by myself and am proud of my accomplishment. In the best case, I practice every once in a while to make sure I store the knowledge over an extended period and not just short-term.

Receiving approval

I ask my learning companion or a German-native speaker if I am correctly speaking and writing in German.

Passing my knowledge on

I now know what I wanted to learn. My “learnerli” is now my „Can Do“. I am an expert of a specific learning section and can pass my knowledge on to others who aren’t experts yet. Instead of them watching the video, I can also reenact the gestures and speech until they are also skilled in this learning section


Page 16: LOA Balloon Videos – watch and learn

In order to learn a dance I usually ask a professional dancer to teach me. I ask him to teach me his dance moves by showing them to me. I watch and concentrate on his steps. Once I have understood his steps, I can work on my own dance moves. I start off by training with him until I am able to do the dance without him. Learning German follows similar steps. I choose what I want to learn on our website
Then I watch the videos and try to understand what the words and the gestures mean and what scene is displayed.
I try to translate the words into my mother language. However, if I try to translate word-by-word, I realise:
-that some German words don’t exist in my language
-or the words are said in a completely different order.
It sounds strange if I translate word by word. This is my first step of learning German. To be continued.

Mental pictures

Page 18: LOA balloon: Scenes and mental pictures – from doing it to thinking it

Can you relate? You want to say something in German, but you can’t find the right words. Or you say something in German but your listener understands it in a completely different way? The art of language is to know exactly what you want to say and which German words to use to fit the context. The easiest way to train is in steps. I act out a sentence and say the words as I move. Then I only use gestures and form mental pictures. I do this until I only need to imagine the scene and say the words.

Page 19: Training for more imagination

Imagine a fantasy world where animals and even objects are able to speak. When learning German try to visit this world. It may help understand more of the grammar and make learning German even more fun.

An example: I want to learn the sentence: “Der Fuchs beißt in den Apfel.”

– I imagine I am a fox, say the sentence out loud and then bite into an apple.

– I then look at an object or a picture, imagine the scene and say the sentence once again out loud.

– I am able to create a mental picture of the scene and say the sentence.


Page 20: LOA balloon gestures as a mental trigger

Gestures are important reminders for our long-term memory in terms of speech. Coordination is also important. I need to coordinate my words with my gestures and make a mental picture or look at an object symbolising something. After some practise, I am able to speak freely and confidently by just thinking about the gestures.

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  1. I observe and memorise the gestures.

  2. I practise the sentences using gestures.

  3. A friend or learning companion helps whenever i need it.

  4. I am able to do it freely and on my own with no help.

Listening and Speaking

Page 22: LOA balloon: Listening, Speaking along and Speaking freely

There are two different ways of listening when learning a new language.

1. To listen and to understand the content.
2. To listen and to focus on the word melody.

In order to be able to speak fluently, the second way is the most effective.
I choose a sentence I understand and listen to the audio repeatedly until I have memorised the sound of the German words. Then I try to speak quietly at first and imitate the words until I know how to properly pronounce them. Speaking German may sound strange at first, because it isn’t my mother language. However soon enough, it will sound completely normal. How great it is to hear that I am able to pronounce German words.
On I can listen to multiple audios or ask German acquaintances or friends to send me voice messages in German.


Page 24: LOA balloon: Reading – combining writing, word melody and mental pictures

According to our experience, reading a German text out loud may not seem like a great idea. We don’t feel comfortable enough and it doesn’t sound amazing. To avoid this experience, I can go through a couple of steps that will make sure I feel comfortable and the words coming out of my mouth are pleasant to hear:

  1. Read in a quiet voice and try to understand the content. Try to create a mental picture.

  2. Listen to somebody reading the text out loud (=a native speaker). It can also be an audio.

  3. Repeatedly listen to the audio, read along and start practising saying the words out loud.

  4. As soon as I feel comfortable reading the text out loud and I know it off by heart, I should remember to repeat the sentence often.

Page 25: In order to avoid making grammatical mistakes by translating word to word from my native language into German, I can follow the following steps to make sure I form correct German sentences:

  1. I read the words.

  2. I remember how the words are spoken.

  3. I recall the mental pictures I have made.

  4. I now know how the sentences are spoken and what their meaning is. I can now open my mouth to speak.

  5. I speak and focus on the writing, the word melody and my mental picture.


Page 26: LOA balloon: Writing – a very complex process

Trying to transform thoughts into German words on paper isn’t the easiest task as a German learner. Even German speakers regularly struggle when trying to write. Some things cannot be logically explained. Some things are just written the way they are. Some things you just have to learn by heart.

When I’m writing I have to think about multiple things such as…

  • My mental picture (e.g the meaning of the words)

  • The order, melody and spelling of the words

  • The sentence melody

  • Grammar

  • Punctuation

Page 27: The following task will help become a writing expert:

  1. I choose one of my favourite sentences and learn it off by heart

  2. I take a photo of one or two words with my eyes

  3. I write the words down using my memory and speak along

  4. I put my glasses on and check if I have written everything down correctly

  5. If I make a mistake, I simply erase it and write it down correctly again

  6. I repeat this process until I can write the sentence down without having to look at my notes

  7. Another tip: Write down my favourite sentences from a book on a daily basis. The more I do it, the better I will become.


Page 28: LOA balloon: Variations – From door-openers to original sentences and texts

How exactly do I get to learn things off by heart and start to speak fluently and write correctly?

This is also a process with steps – imitation – variation – combination- phrasing.

An example: My sentence is: Der Vater schenkt dem Sohn den Fotoapparat. (A word from our fantasy world). My previous knowledge is triggered and 1. I remember the key sentences of the four cases and how articles change and 2. I know the code to decline the word “schenken”

Page 29: My variations: I now switch to my fantasy world and transform the sentence by switching the articles.

My combinations: Die Giraffe schenkt dem Elefanten das Brötchen. Der Elefant schenkt dem Kamel die Birne. Das Kamel schenkt der Giraffe den Apfel.

Example of a learning process

Page 30: An example step-by-step

Here an example for a learning process starting off from understanding to forming a skill. What does your learning process look like? Have fun trying this one out!

What should I do?

  • Observe, listen and understand a scene shown.

  • Start using gestures and creating a mental picture

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  • Listen repeatedly, use gestures and speak along.

  • Try and focus on word melody, pronunciation and intonation.

  • Take a mental picture of the sentence.

  • Create a mental picture in your head, learn how to write and say the words.

Training areas

Page 32: LOA balloon: Training areas

There are six training areas in LOA. The important part is to do the exercises precisely and accurately. A tip: Ask a German speaker for feedback in relation to pronunciation, grammar and correct wording. Are the articles I am using even correct? Have fun!

  1. Language loops – Goal: I am able to simultaneously think, act and speak or write in German.

  1. Key sentences – Goal: I know the answer to a question about articles.

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  1. Treasury of words – Goal: I have acquired a basic word pool from my favourite sentences

  2. Language structure pot: Goal: I become confident in forming correct German sentences without making typical article mistakes

  3. Stories – Goal: I familiarise myself with German literature.

  4. Door opener training- Goal: I am able to understand and form complex sentences without any help.